Building and Environment,2021年188:107473 ISSN：0360-1323
[Zhou, Jialu; Deng, Yunyuan; Fu, Jing] Hengyang Normal Univ, Cooperat Innovat Ctr Digitalizat Cultural Heritag, Hengyang 421002, Hunan, Peoples R China.;[Zhou, Jialu; Deng, Yunyuan; Fu, Jing] Hengyang Normal Univ, Natl Local Joint Engn Lab Digital Preservat & Inn, Hengyang 421002, Hunan, Peoples R China.;[Zhou, Jialu; Deng, Yunyuan; Fu, Jing] Hengyang Normal Univ, Coll City & Tourism, Hengyang 421002, Hunan, Peoples R China.
[Fu, Jing] H;Hengyang Normal Univ, Cooperat Innovat Ctr Digitalizat Cultural Heritag, Hengyang 421002, Hunan, Peoples R China.
Spatial pattern;Vernacular architecture;Value grading;Tangible cultural heritage;Traditional village;Integral preservation
Traditional residences are among the most important tangible cultural heritage. This paper evaluates and explores the quality of individual traditional residences and the heritage value of a complex of traditional residences in Western Hunan in China. The former indicates how well the external characteristics of the building are preserved, whilst the latter refers to the integration of use values, ecology principles and cultural features. Based on the survey of the selected 7 traditional villages, the authors have built a spatial database of these villages on the strength of GIS, RS and GPS techniques, and employed an architectural evaluation method to grade the exterior quality of individual traditional residences, followed by the construction of an evaluation indicator system and the use of entropy weight method to score the value of traditional residences, thereby systematically unveiling how indicators influence the value of traditional residences. The results reveal that well-preserved and prime-quality traditional residences are quite rare. Average-quality individual traditional residences outnumber other quality levels in all selected traditional villages. These villages differ in the value of their traditional residences, which is susceptible to both natural and cultural factors. Architectural elements play a dominant role, and the change in architectural form serves as an important criterion for determining whether the traditional residence in question has been transformed into a modern building. The value of traditional rural residences is mainly reflected in the authenticity of the architectural form and the building material, which are crucial to the intact pass-down of their unique architectural styles.
Traditional villages are the carriers of tangible cultural heritage and intangible cultural heritage,as well as China’s non-renewable cultural resources and valuable tourism resources.With Sina travel blogs as the data platform,taking the number of page views as an evaluation indicator of network attention,the dynamics of network attention to the 91 traditional villages in Hunan Province that have been included in the first three batches of Chinese Traditional Village List were analyzed from two aspects of time and space.Based on this,development strategies were put forward for tourism of Chinese traditional villages so as to promote the development of the tourism economy in Hunan Province.