He, Jinbo;Cui, Tianxiang;Barnhart, Wesley R. R.;Chen, Gui
Journal of Eating Disorders,2023年11(1):1-17 ISSN：2050-2974
[He, Jinbo] Chinese Univ Hong Kong Shenzhen, Sch Humanities & Social Sci, Shenzhen 518172, Peoples R China.;[Cui, Tianxiang] Univ Macau, Dept Psychol, Macau, Peoples R China.;[Barnhart, Wesley R. R.] Bowling Green State Univ, Dept Psychol, Bowling Green, OH USA.;[Chen, Gui] Hengyang Normal Univ, Coll Educ Sci, Hengyang, Peoples R China.
[He, JB ] C;Chinese Univ Hong Kong Shenzhen, Sch Humanities & Social Sci, Shenzhen 518172, Peoples R China.
Body image;Functionality appreciation;Validation;Chinese;Invariance
Functionality appreciation, as an important aspect of positive image, is associated with fewer body image disturbances, fewer disordered eating behaviors, and improved psychological well-being. However, it has been under-researched in Asian countries. The current work aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Functionality Appreciation Scale (FAS) among four Chinese samples of different ages, and further examine measurement invariance and differences of the FAS across gender and age groups. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA) were conducted to examine the factorial structure of the FAS among four Chinese samples of different ages, including middle school adolescents (n = 894, Mage = 12.17 years), high school adolescents (n = 1347, Mage = 15.07 years), young adults (n = 473, Mage = 21.95 years), and older adults (n = 313, Mage = 67.90 years). The measurement invariance of the FAS across gender and age was examined. Internal consistency reliability and construct validity were evaluated. The FAS had a unidimensional structure and was invariant across gender and age groups. The FAS presented sound psychometric properties in all age groups by gender, with good internal consistency reliability [e.g., high Cronbach’s α values (.91 ~ .97)] and good construct validity (e.g., significant associations with body appreciation, body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating). Moreover, group comparisons showed minimal gender differences in functionality appreciation. However, significant age differences were found in functionality appreciation, with older ages generally associated with higher functionality appreciation. Overall, findings suggest that the FAS is a sound instrument to be used in the Chinese context. Furthermore, functionality appreciation was found to be higher in older adults than adolescents or young adults, suggesting the potential important role of aging in functionality appreciation. Functionality appreciation, as a positive body image component emphasizing the appreciation on one’s body for what it can do, is associated with fewer body image disturbances, fewer disordered eating behaviors, and improved psychological well-being. The Functionality Appreciation Scale (FAS) measures functionality appreciation and has been widely validated in a number of different populations. However, the psychometric properties of the FAS have not been systematically examined in the Chinese context, especially for adolescents and older adults. Results indicated that the psychometric properties of the FAS were sound and could be equally used to assess functionality appreciation in Chinese adolescents, young adults, and older adults.
Obesity Research & Clinical Practice,2023年17(1):16-24 ISSN：1871-403X
Lu, Tom;He, Jinbo
[Cheng, Yawei; Lu, Tom] Texas Tech Univ, Dept Math & Stat, Lubbock, TX 79409 USA.;[Barnhart, Wesley R.] Bowling Green State Univ, Dept Psychol, Bowling Green, OH USA.;[Liang, Guangsheng] Texas Tech Univ, Dept Psychol Sci, Lubbock, TX 79409 USA.;[Chen, Gui] Hengyang Normal Univ, Coll Educ Sci, Hengyang, Hunan, Peoples R China.;[He, Jinbo] Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Sch Humanities & Social Sci, Shenzhen, Guangdong, Peoples R China.
[Lu, Tom] D;[He, Jinbo] S;Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, United States of America. Electronic address: t.;School of Humanities and Social Science, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:
A longitudinal approach with Latent Growth Curve Modeling (LGCM) was adopted to explore the trajectories of appetitive traits corresponding to BMI in Chinese adolescents. Within a large sample of adolescents (N=2566, 45.9% boys) aged from 11 to 17 years (M = 13.80, SD = 1.56) at the baseline survey, our results indicated that appetitive traits of emotional overeating, food fussiness, and hunger increased significantly over time while enjoyment of food decreased over time. Slowness in eating and satiety responsiveness significantly increased in girls, while emotional undereating significantly decreased in boys. Moreover, the growth parameters of emotional undereating and satiety responsiveness were significantly and negatively related to BMI in girls. Our findings evidence that certain appetitive traits could change over time in adolescence and these changes relate to weight status. Gender differences are suggested in the design of future intervention and treatment of overweight/obesity in Chinese adolescents.
Personality and Individual Differences,2023年206:112142 ISSN：0191-8869
[Chen, Gui; Liu, Xinyu] Hengyang Normal Univ, Coll Educ Sci, Hengyang, Hunan, Peoples R China.;[Song, Jianwen] Baylor Univ, Dept Educ Psychol, Waco, TX USA.;[He, Jinbo] Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Sch Humanities & Social Sci, Shenzhen 518172, Peoples R China.;[Fan, Xitao] Chinese Univ Hong Kong, Fac Educ, Hong Kong, Peoples R China.
This study aimed to explore the relationship between trait emotional intelligence and disordered eating by proposing and testing the mediating roles of body dissatisfaction and body image inflexibility. A total of 500 Chinese adults (48.8 % women) completed questionnaires for assessing trait emotional intelligence, body dissatisfaction, body image inflexibility, and disordered eating. Correlation analyses were conducted to evaluate the relationships between the study variables. Mediation analysis was performed to examine the mediating roles of body dissatisfaction and body image inflexibility in the relationship between trait emotional intelligence and disordered eating. Multi-group analysis was further conducted to assess the invariance of the mediation model across men and women. Correlation analyses revealed significant bivariate relationships among the four study variables. In both men and women, the relationship between trait emotional intelligence and disordered eating was fully mediated by body dissatisfaction and body image inflexibility. Multi-group invariance analysis showed that this mediation model was invariant across men and women. The findings shed light on the potential mechanisms in the relationship between trait emotional intelligence and disordered eating. In developing in-terventions for reducing disordered eating, the findings of the current study may be considered to improve intervention effectiveness.